Linux: The Green Operating System

Linux is considered an environmentally friendly operating system, relative to proprietary systems. Some reasons are discussed below.

  1. Reduced e-waste, Reduced toxins. Close to two billion computers are in use across the world today, without factoring in the phenomenal number of smart devices such as smart phones. With an average life of 3 years, over five hundred million computers become candidates for disposal each year. These computers harm the environment even in their construction, using extreme levels of power and water. But in their disposal, they clog up landfills and release toxins such as battery waste, cadmium, lead, etc into the soil, poisoning the environment for generations. GNU/Linux distributions, with their minimal resource requirements and their free cost, are well suited to solve the problem of e-waste. Many organizations are today actively involved in refurbishing and giving a new life to old computers by installing the powerful GNU/Linux operating systems on them.
  2. Efficient Power Consumption It is estimated that thousands of megawatts are wasted annually due to idling computers. Linux with features such as the configurable option of a tickless kernel, as well as native hibernation utilities and virtualization capabilities, is recognized as offering improved power conservation and efficiency relative to proprietary systems.
  3. Reduced carbon emissions Associated with the power savings are reduced carbon emissions. It is estimated that millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced through the efficient power management of Linux systems.

References: webPortal v2.0 © 2011 eCubeH Research Labs + Acknowledgements